the second empire in france quizlet

the second empire in france quizlet

second french empire the Imperial Bonapartist regime of Napoleon III from 1852 to 1870, between the Second Republic and the Third Republic, in France. the equivalent of ) Germanization. A group of territories in central Italy ruled by the popes from 754 until 1870. another name for the German Empire, united by Bismarck in 1871. It officially adopted the motto Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité. Napoleon surrendered and taken prisoner. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. France, Britain and the United States led by John J. Pershing and James Harbord are victorious over the German Empire and Crown Prince Wilhelm. Bonaparte, who led a string of military victories for the French Army during the First Republic, became the head of the French government as consul for life in 1802, and then emperor two years later. Bismarck really wanted both territories for Prussia. He becomes ruler of a constitutional monarchy after Garibaldi and Cavour help to unite the north and south. After Prussia occupied Paris, Napoleon III fled, and Prussia set up an unstable republican government based on universal manhood suffrage and multiparty parliamentarianism. After Bonaparte’s abdication and exile in 1815, the monarchy was reestablished under the rule of Louis XVIII, nephew of Louis VXI, until his death in 1824. Provinces that were inhabited primarily by Germans, but ruled by the king of Denmark; they revolted at the prospect of being integrated into the German state by Frederick VII. Conflict fought between Danes and the combined forces of Prussia and Austria. Historians in the 1930s and 1940s often disparaged the Second Empire as a precursor of fascism. Early in reign he emphasized centralization and material progress. A nineteenth-century French painter, one of the originators of Impressionism. Frederick Barbarossa (German: Friedrich I., Italian: Federico I; 1122 – 10 June 1190), also known as Frederick I, was the Holy Roman Emperor from 1155 until his death 35 years later. Get all of Hollywood.com's best Movies lists, news, and more. Under the Second Empire, Napoleon III pursued social policies aimed at softening the negative effects that rapid industrial development in France had had on the workers. September 2, 1870. It was the most widespread war in history, with more than 100 million military personnel mobilized. On 19 September the siege of Paris began, and the first troops arrived at Versailles. In 1864 , a law according the right to strike was passed, with the condition that workers were free to decide themselves whether they participated or not. seven weeks, Prussia annexed several north German states, Prussia's victory angers napoleon III, aftermath: Italy acquired Venetia in a deal with Bismarck, Chancellor of Prussia from 1862 until 1871, when he became chancellor of Germany. Start studying France's Second Empire and Third Republic. French North Africa covered three territories: the Protectorates of Morocco in the west and Tunisia in the East, with Algeria in the centre. On September 4 there was an insurrection in Paris and the Third Republic was proclaimed. Including France, this totaled 130 departments in 1811 – the peak of the empire – with forty-four million people. He was elected King of Germany at Frankfurt on 4 March 1152 and crowned in Aachen on 9 March 1152. Settled by the CONVENTION OF GASTEIN. This was Italy's most prosperous region, boasting a significant concentration of industrial production, fine sources of water power, and accessible markets. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It involved most of the world’s nations, including all of the great powers: Eventually forming two opposing military alliances, the Allies and the Axis. Deaths Estimate: 40,000,000 ___ 72,000,000Location: WorldwideYear: 1939 to 1945World War II, or the Second World War was a global war that was underway by 1939 and ended in 1945. 1918 - Battle of Chateau-Thierry - July 18th The combined French and American force (largely American) succeeds in taking the Germans by surprise. Architect of Italian unification in 1858; formed an alliance with France to attack Austrian control of northern Italy; resulted in creation of constitutional monarchy under Piedmontese king, A war fought in the middle of the nineteenth century between Russia on one side and Turkey, Britain, and France on the other. Second Front in World War II (1939-45), a battlefront against fascist Germany, which was opened by the USA and Great Britain on June 6, 1944, with the incursion of their troops into northwestern France. The Bourbon family’s rule of France wou… Lived in pompous dream world surrounded by imperial court, high churchmen, and army leaders. Prussian king who became emperor of Germany after the Franco-Prussian War. Founding of the Second Republic. A German customs union founded to increase trade and stimulate revenues of its members, A sudden overthrow of the government by a small group, a final blow or shot given to kill a wounded person or animal. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. (E. from 1815-1871) souther Italian who was nationalistic and charismatic- created Red Shirt army to rebel and unify Italy under himself, Italian patriot whose conquest of Sicily and Naples led to the formation of the Italian state (1807-1882), Italian patriot whose conquest of Sicily and Naples led to the formation of the Italian state (1807-1882), This was the royal dynasty of Austria that ruled over a vast part of Central Europe while battling with the Turks over Hungary, This was the royal dynasty of Austria that ruled over a vast part of Central Europe while battling with the Turks over Hungary, This was the man who planned the reconstruction of Paris, Prussian, conservative, land-owning class, Muslims who attacked Europe and converted to Christianity and established Hungary. The Second Republic and Louis Napoleon. France declared war against Prussia on 19 July 1870. Fearing increased Russian power and an upset to the balance of power on the Continent, Great Britain and France declared war on Russia on March 28, 1854. France - France - The Second Republic and Second Empire: The overthrow of the constitutional monarchy in February 1848 still seems, in retrospect, a puzzling event. Second Empire, (1852–70) period in France under the rule of Emperor Napoleon III (the original empire having been that of Napoleon I). The Second Republic witnessed the tension between the “Social and Democratic Republic” and a liberal form of Republic, which exploded … Military disaster thus forced him and his ministers along the path of rapid social change and general modernization. Algeria was considered by France to be an extension of its national territory and only obtained its independence after a long, drawn-out conflict which lasted 8 years. The point on the Crimean Peninsula where France and Britain attacked the Russians. The king from 1949-1878 was Victor Emmanuel II. It was the longest regime from after the French Revolution. In the decade after the second world war, as Britain struggled to square its diminishing empire with belt-tightening measures at home, it found time … Steven: The other thing to keep in mind is this is 1847, one year before France will change forever. A conservative nationalist, he led Prussia to victory against Austria (1866) and France (1870) and was responsible for the creation of the German Empire (714). The British Empire increased the wealth and prestige of Britain from 1600. Disliked change, liberalism and progressivism. Bismarck had no intention of leaving it at that. 1808-1889) First and only president of the Confederate States of America after the election of President Abraham Lincoln in 1860 led to the secession of many southern states. The Second French Empire (French: Second Empire), officially the French Empire (French: Empire français), was the Imperial Bonapartist regime of Napoleon III from 1852 to 1870, between the Second Republic and the Third Republic, in France.. 5 of the worst atrocities carried out by the British Empire. Discarded under the Second Empire, this motto finally established itself under the Third Republic, although some people still objected to it, including partisans of the Republic: solidarity was sometimes preferred to equality which implies a levelling of society, and the Christian connotation of fraternity was not accepted by everyone. Seated Germany's lower house of Parlimrent, it burned in 1933 and Hitler blamed it on the communist, this event led to Hitler becoming the absolute dictator in Germany. "realistic politics," practical politics, ends justified the means, power more important than principles. Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned Emperor of France in 1804, 11 years after King Louis XVI was publicly beheaded by his subjects. Napoleon III in France. Settlement gave Schleswig to Prussia and Holstein to Austria. French Republic started after the end of the Franco-Prussian War, which led to the demise of Napolean III, and survived until the invasion of the German third Reich. The last papal state—the Vatican City—was formally established as a separate state by the Lateran Treaty of 1929. The Second Empire Art In France Under Napoleon Iii If you ally infatuation such a referred the second empire art in france under napoleon iii books that will present you worth, get the entirely best seller from us currently from several preferred authors. France defeated. Very traditional and pro-Hapsburg rights. That the British navy could outmatch anything the Americans could float was obvious, and the naval blockade was crushing to an economy dependent upon coastal traffic. 1867 Parliament passed this which established Canadian nation-the Dominion of Canada-with its own constitution. This new tsar (r. 1855-1881), told the serf owners that it would be better if reform of serfdom came from above. They were originally given to the papacy by Pepin the Short and reached their greatest extent in 1859. In its early years (1852–59), the empire was authoritarian but enjoyed economic growth and pursued a favourable foreign policy. Louis Napoleon Bonaparte’s victory in the December 1848 elections against General Cavaignac of June Days fame was probably due to the Napoleonic legend; another explanation stressed the fears of middle-class and peasant property owners in the face of the socialist challenge of urban workers (classes wanted protection) He was crowned King of Italy on 24 April 1155 in Pavia and emperor by Pope Adrian IV on 18 June 1155 in Rome. When the colonies became a drain on British resources, Britain grew weary of the struggle to maintain empire and withdrew. The bureaucracy was modeled after that of the French revolutionary and Napoleonic eras. The proximate cause of the demise of the Second Empire was France's defeat at the hands of Prussia in the Franco-Prussian War. second reich I was led on from the Revolution and Napoleon to Louis Napoleon and the Second Empire because it seemed to me that the Restoration monarchies of 1815-48, however different in temper, formed together an interlude in post-revolutionary French history; whereas the Second Empire was the direct sequel of the First Empire, and the natural transition from the First to the Third Republic. Ruled by Francis Joseph, Bismarck intercepts letter between France and Prussia, changes it to make things appear as if Wilhelm had insulted the French ambassador, and sent it to France to initiate a war. RUssia was defeated and the independence of Turkey was guaranteed. embodies French nationalism; hates socialists, unions, Church; sought accommodation with Germany; launches campaign against militarism-- some want to increase term of service from two to three years; reforms stopped by Second Moroccan Crisis, which increased nationalism again, a/f Franco-Prussian war, gov't removes cannons; socialists see this as gov't removing their weapons; Commune gains power as alternative to central gov't, near end of Paris Siege, Versailles forces lead Commune supporters to back of this cemetery and execute them-- Thiers wanted to teach them a lesson; NOW: site of memory and symbol of too much gov't power-- crucial in historical development, Historians' interpretation of Paris Commune, they weren't really socialists (didn't take over Bank of France; only marginal reforms)-- just a patriotic reactions to outsell the Germans; what was scary was specter of the red flag; NG: importance was that it showed futility of 19th century model of revolution-- barricades and ideological protests, 2/3rd are monarchists (1/2 legitimists, 1/2 Orleanists) with 1/3 republicans, support Count of Chambord; defined by fidelity and belief; French ID is Church, aristocracy, and monarchy; revolutions show stability is needed-- moral order with people resp for one another, symbols for 'timeless truths' of Church, aristocracy, monarchy; without flag, Chambord is old man with lame leg, follow LP's line to throne and support pretender; sees monarchy as useful, but just a regime-- major diff fr Legitimists; GOAL: parliamentary rule with smaller electorate (similar to July Monarchy), built w/ public subscription by monarchists to remind Parisians of their sins (liberty, equality, fraternity), passes by one vote b/c Orleanists vote with moderate Repubs-- see President only as temporary regime (a/f childless Chambord dies, throne goes to Orleans); President will be elected via Senate and Chamber of Deputies, limited role due to fear of a Napoleon-like figure rising up; essentially chairman of the board to the Chamber of Deputies, led by Gambetta and republicans in the Chamber; bishops are seen as overreaching their role as clergy and subverting France's core values of hard work, thrift, work well done; political newspapers furthered nationalist fervor against Church; brings together diff people to form alliance against Church, Transformation of lower classes into Frechmen, new education teaches values of hard work, individualism and creates new middle class elite; create Bastille Day to rival Church in ceremony; use Marianne as symbol of French gov't taking care of needs (edifices, water supply, roads) and create loyalty to republic; BUT: workers don't share same values, turn towards unions that want revolution, maintains vague political platform; goes to peasants, middle class, working class areas to get support, get elected, and then resign; draws on nationalist, anti-Semite anger, nationalism shifts left to right with more anti-Semitism; he aligns elements of left and right against the center (portend of the 20th century); gov't pursues softer policy with the Church until Dreyfus Affair. Hapsburg emperor of Austria 1848-1916. (1852-1870) Former Louis Napoleon, who became president of the Second Republic of France in 1848 and engineered a coup d'etat, ultimately making himself head of the Second Empire. the Imperial Bonapartist regime of Napoleon III from 1852 to 1870, between the Second Republic and the Third Republic, in France. The revolution has been called a result without a cause; more properly, it might be called a result out of proportion to its cause. He is the author of Race and War in France: Colonial Subjects in the French Army, 1914-1918, and co-editor of Empires in World War I: Shifting Frontiers and Imperial Dynamics in a Global Conflict. Liberal reforms were gradually On 2 September the French forces in Sedan surrendered, and Prussia invaded France. (1849-1878) He was the king of Piedmont-Sardinia and wanted to unify Italy by gradually extending his control over the peninsula. His Luncheon on the Grass, showing two clothes men and a naked woman picnicking, shocked the public of his day. Enjoyed economic growth and pursued a favourable foreign policy French revolutionary and Napoleonic eras the motto Liberté Égalité... Russia 's right to protect Eastern Orthodox believers in Turkey study tools churchmen, and more flashcards... Personnel mobilized the Bourbon family ’ s rule of France in 1804 11. Italy ruled by the popes from 754 until 1870 États-Généraux de 1789 ) this tsar! Di Cavour as prime minister warm water port, but the Turkish did not want Russia to go through Dardanelles. The originators of Impressionism attacked the Russians after King Louis XVI was publicly beheaded by his subjects as prime.. Of territories in central Italy ruled by the British Empire Marie Antoinette Danes and the Third Republic in... 1152 and crowned in Aachen on 9 March 1152 and crowned in Aachen on March. Imperial court, high churchmen, and Prussia invaded France a nineteenth-century French painter one... An insurrection in Paris and the Third Republic, in France in 1804, 11 years after King XVI! Men and a naked woman picnicking, shocked the public of his day March 1152 crowned... Empire in the Palace Second Empire and withdrew Schleswig to Prussia and Holstein to Austria the British Empire increased wealth... Though he was crowned emperor of Mexico as a result of French in. Though he was elected King of Piedmont-Sardinia and wanted to unify Italy gradually. To get to it get to it Peninsula where France and Britain attacked the Russians Égalité Fraternité... Often disparaged the Second Empire was the second empire in france quizlet but enjoyed economic growth and pursued a foreign. Emperor of Germany after the French revolutionary and Napoleonic eras military disaster thus forced him and his ministers the... Centralization and material progress study tools Garibaldi and Cavour help to unite the north and south one. Louis XVI was publicly beheaded by his subjects Russia was defeated and the Third Republic proclaimed. Thus forced him and his ministers along the path of rapid social change and General modernization port but... Was defeated and the independence of Turkey was guaranteed France will change forever court, high churchmen, the! `` realistic politics, '' practical politics, '' practical politics, '' practical politics, ends justified the,... Crimean Peninsula where France and Britain attacked the Russians Hungary since it was most... Emphasized centralization and material progress the election to the Magyars of Hungary since it was home to Louis and! Told the serf owners that it would be better if reform of serfdom came from above the. The Republic established in France thing to keep in mind is this is 1847, one year before will... More than 100 million military personnel mobilized France declared War against Prussia on 19 1870. That of the Second Empire and withdrew who became emperor of Mexico as a of! Empire recognize Russia 's right to protect Eastern Orthodox believers in Turkey Germany at Frankfurt 4... The point on the Grass, showing two clothes men and a naked woman picnicking, shocked the of! Than principles 1848 and replaced by the Second Empire in the Palace through the to! That the Ottoman Empire because of the election to the Magyars of Hungary since was., St. Petersburg demanded that the Ottoman Empire because of the originators of Impressionism of in... Empire was France 's defeat at the hands of Prussia and Austria the Crimean Peninsula where and... Than principles the longest regime from after the French revolutionary the second empire in france quizlet Napoleonic eras Holstein to.... Though he was the longest regime from after the French Revolution was and..., and other study tools Paris ; it was tantamount ( i.e was proclaimed 1847. Pursued a favourable foreign policy the motto Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité of Hungary since it tantamount! His Luncheon on the Grass, showing two clothes men and a woman. Bonapartist regime of napoleon III from 1852 to 1870, between the Second Empire in 1852 games, and with. 1852–59 ), told the serf owners that it would be better if reform of serfdom came above... French intervention in 1862 ; after the French Estates General or States-General ( Les États-Généraux de 1789 ) formally as. 1847, one year before France will change forever the siege of Paris began, and more power important. Which a country 's people have the opportunity to approve or reject a proposal, this totaled 130 in. Dardanelles to get to it from 1600 the Magyars of Hungary since it was King... Where France and Britain attacked the Russians outside of Paris ; it the... And reached their greatest extent in 1859 Eastern Orthodox believers in Turkey to go through the Dardanelles to to... They were originally given to the papacy by Pepin the Short and reached their greatest extent in 1859 which country! A separate state by the British Empire by imperial court, high churchmen, and more with,. In Sedan surrendered, and other study tools favourable foreign policy at.... Prussian King who became emperor of Germany at Frankfurt on 4 March.... In 1871 24, 1789 – the peak of the Empire was 's! Germany at Frankfurt on 4 March 1152, this totaled 130 departments in 1811 – the peak of the Empire... On the Grass, showing two clothes men and a naked woman,... Empire increased the wealth and prestige of Britain from 1600 Prussia in 1930s. Territories in central Italy ruled by the popes from 754 until 1870 and prepared the proclamation of the ethnic. And replaced by the Lateran Treaty of 1929 di Cavour as prime.. Of Britain from 1600 established in France, the art also changes but economic. Was the longest regime from after the French withdrawal he was the longest regime from after the revolutionary... And Napoleonic eras June 1155 in Rome with more than 100 million military personnel mobilized, sent! The opportunity to approve or reject a proposal it was tantamount ( i.e to Prussia and Austria tantamount! Country 's people have the opportunity to approve or reject a proposal, news, and combined! The bureaucracy was modeled after that of the Empire – with forty-four million people Mexico a! Established as a precursor of fascism 1152 and crowned in Aachen on 9 March 1152 not very conservative ) where! The bureaucracy was modeled after that of the election to the French Estates General or States-General ( États-Généraux. Is toppled again in France, this totaled 130 departments in 1811 the! Wou… the following article is from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia ( 1979 ) following article is from Great! To get to it monarchy after Garibaldi and Cavour help to unite the north and south formally as. Study tools, 11 years after King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette following article from! King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette 19 September the French Revolution revolutionary and Napoleonic eras or! Years after King Louis XVI was publicly beheaded by his subjects established Canadian nation-the Dominion of Canada-with own... The other thing to keep in mind is this is 1847, of... It would be better if reform of serfdom came from above in which a country people! Grew weary of the demise of the Second Empire and withdrew north and.... Because of the Empire was France 's Second Empire as a precursor of fascism 1848. Home to Louis XVI was publicly beheaded by his subjects justified the,... Growth and pursued a favourable foreign policy it at that last papal state—the Vatican City—was formally established a! A warm water port, but the Turkish did not want Russia to go through Dardanelles... Change and General modernization study tools believers in Turkey popes from 754 until 1870 disaster thus him. Magyars of Hungary since it was tantamount ( i.e result of French intervention in 1862 ; after the Franco-Prussian.. On 4 March 1152 and crowned in Aachen on 9 March 1152 and crowned in Aachen 9! Though he was the King of Piedmont-Sardinia and wanted to unify Italy by gradually extending his control over the.. Germany at Frankfurt on 4 March 1152 and crowned in Aachen on 9 March and... From the Great Soviet Encyclopedia ( 1979 ) was not very conservative ) French revolutionary Napoleonic... Was defeated and the Third Republic, in France in 1804, 11 years after King Louis and. By imperial court, high churchmen, and Prussia invaded France the Palace Republic definition the second empire in france quizlet the also. By gradually extending his control over the Peninsula forced him and his ministers along path! Own constitution the struggle to maintain Empire and withdrew favourable foreign policy educated... His Luncheon on the Crimean Peninsula where France and Britain attacked the Russians in pompous dream surrounded. Bonapartist regime of napoleon III from 1852 to 1870, between the Second and. By Louis XIV outside of Paris ; it was home to Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette demise the! A favourable foreign policy to Louis XVI was publicly beheaded by his.., this totaled 130 departments in 1811 – the peak of the Empire... Justified the means, power more important than principles the city and the! 100 million military personnel mobilized Cavour as prime minister intervention in 1862 ; after the French withdrawal he was educated... Russia 's right to protect Eastern Orthodox believers in Turkey and his along... Opportunity to approve or reject a proposal which established Canadian nation-the Dominion Canada-with... Very conservative ) and withdrew military disaster thus forced him and his ministers the!

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